This report is unique to Patient: Sample



This section of the report will discuss those nutritional mineral ratios that reveal moderate or significant deviations from normal.


Continuing research indicates that metabolic dysfunction occur not necessarily as a result of a deficiency or excess of a particular mineral level, but more frequently from an abnormal balance (ratio) between the minerals. Due to this complex interrelationship between the minerals, it is extremely important that imbalances be determined. Once these imbalances are identified, corrective therapy may then be used to help re-establish a more normal biochemical balance.



The "Nutritional Graphic" developed by researchers at Trace Elements, and presented on the cover of this report shows the antagonistic relationships between the significant nutrients, including the elements (arrows indicate antagonistic effect upon absorption and retention)




Phosphorus is involved in all of the cellular energy production cycles within the body. Adequate protein intake is essential in providing needed phosphorus for increased energy production, and reducing excess tissue calcium retention (see high Ca/P ratio). It is suggested that protein intake be evaluated. Protein should make up at least 40 percent of total caloric intake.




High calcium relative to potassium will frequently indicate a trend toward hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid). The mineral calcium antagonizes the retention of potassium within the cell. Since potassium is necessary in sufficient quantity to sensitize the tissues to the effects of thyroid hormones, a high Ca/K ratio would suggest reduced thyroid function and/or cellular response to thyroxine. If this imbalance has been present for an extended period of time, the following symptoms associated with low thyroid function may occur.

Fatigue                                                                  Depression

Dry Skin                                                                Over-weight Tendencies

Constipation                                                           Cold Sensitivity



Zinc is required in sufficient amounts for the retention of potassium. A low zinc-to-copper ratio is frequently indicative of a trend toward reduced thyroid activity or expression as a result of a potassium deficit.




Zinc and copper are intricately related to the hormones, progesterone and estrogen, respectively, and their tissue levels may be indirectly reflective of the status of these hormones within the body. When zinc and copper are not in normal balance with one another, certain emotional and physical changes related to hormonal imbalance may occur near the menstrual cycle, such as; Excessive Cramping Emotional Mood Swings Food Cravings Water Retention Skin Rashes Viral Infections




This TMA profile has been correlated in the past with an increased frequency and intensity of blood sugar fluctuations. This is partially due to the requirement and role of zinc in the storage of insulin in the pancreas. In addition to blood sugar fluctuations, if this mineral pattern becomes chronic, this patient may have an increased tendency toward skin blemishes and fungal manifestations.


Zinc deficiency relative to copper is frequently seen in strict vegetarians, and the degree of imbalance is often directly proportional to the rigidity of the vegetarian diet. A low zinc-to-copper ratio is usually seen with the following:

Viral Infections                                                        Liver Dysfunction

Estrogen Therapy                                                    Gallbladder Obstruction 



This ratio is below the normal range. The adrenal glands play an essential role in regulating sodium retention and excretion. Studies have also shown that magnesium will affect adrenal cortical activity and response, and reduced adrenal activity results in increased magnesium retention. The sodium-magnesium profile is indicative of reduced adrenal cortical function. The following associated symptoms may be observed:

Fatigue                                                                    Constipation

Dry Skin                                                                  Lowered Resistance

Allergies (Ecological)                                                Low Blood Pressure



Calcium and magnesium should always be in a proper balance to one another. If this normal equilibrium is upset, one mineral will become dominant relative to the other. In this case, calcium is high relative to magnesium (see high Ca/Mg ratio), which may be indicative of abnormal calcium metabolism, resulting in excessive deposition of calcium into the soft tissues. This profile is indicative of a suppressing effect upon magnesium function within the body, and increased need for magnesium in the diet.




Calcium and magnesium are important elements whose roles include involvement in muscular response. When not in a normal balance, an excess of tissue calcium relative to magnesium will frequently lead to constant muscular tension and contraction. If the muscles surrounding the urinary bladder are in a state of tension due to this error in mineral metabolism, the volume capacity within the bladder will be reduced. This condition may contribute to an increased frequency of urination due to the restricted size of the bladder.




A deficiency of magnesium relative to calcium may allow calcium to precipitate out of solution, which can contribute to calcium deposition into the urinary tract and gallbladder. Over an extended period of time, this profile has been correlated with increased tendencies toward kidney and gallstones. LOW IRON/COPPER (Fe/Cu) RATIO High copper relative to iron can be antagonistic to many functions of iron metabolism, and can often contribute to iron-deficiency anemia. Copper in excess will interfere with iron absorption and decrease the utilization of iron by the body. The low Fe/Cu ratio is reflective of a positive trend toward copper-induced anemia.